Hammertoe, claw toe, and mallet toe can be treated by wearing roomy footwear, using pads and supports in the shoe, and doing toe exercises. Over-the-counter pain medication may also provide relief. In severe cases, surgery may be an option. Talk to your pharmacist before purchasing anti-inflammatories as these medications may be contraindicated as they may interact with other medications and medical conditions. Causes The regular practice of stretching exercises can help prevent a flexible deformity from becoming a fixed one. Taping or splinting the toes may also help to hold them in a normal position, but unfortunately will not lead to a permanent straightening of the joints. The big toe, called the Hallux, is made up of two small bones called phalanges. Hallux Hammer Toe presents as a cocking up of the big toe at the joint between these two small bones. It is caused by a variety of conditions and is commonly seen in patients after they have suffered a stroke. Resulting muscle weakness or muscle imbalance in the muscles of the lower leg can result in the formation of Hallux hammertoe. A hammer toe bends down toward the floor at the middle toe joint. This causes the middle toe joint to rise up. It usually affects the second toe. Hammer toes often occur with bunions Pain and corns usually develop over the toes due to the friction of the shoe in that area. This rubbing of the shoe may cause a red, inflamed sac of tissue called bursitis. Initially, the deformities are flexible and can bet treated with simple measures but, if left untreated, they can become rigid or stiff and cannot be straightened. As time goes on, pain may develop deep in the toe joints and even the ball of the foot, limiting walking, exercise or even just standing comfortably. High heeled or pointed shoes and tight stockings will exacerbate these symptoms. After treating the arthritis attacks, and once the inflammation has settled down, treatment continues through preventive measures aimed at reducing the levels of uric acid in order to avoid future arthritis attacks. This is commonly through lifestyle and diet changes, though in some cases medication may be prescribed to hasten the lowering of uric acid levels. Meredith Walker is an authority on arthritis and related joint pains, and the natural methods to treat them effectively. She is currently the webmaster of ArthritisNaturalRemedies.com, a website that aims to provide the most up-to-date and accurate information about the natural ways to treat arthritis. Deinonychus resembled a young raptor. Some of the physical features that made the raptor so dangerous and deadly were also found in the make up of Deinonychus. The long retractable toe-claw that resembled a large curved sword- like talon on the second toe, fingers attached to long forearms, legs with great power and a higher intelligence than larger dinosaurs were the similarities with the raptor. The differences that set Deinonychus apart from the Velociraptor were that it had jugals that flared broadly giving the Deinonychus greater stereoscopic vision than the raptor and the skull and lower jaw had openings that reduced the weight of the skull. Any foot problem which causes pain and discomfort even after taking the primary treatments should be given prompt tension. It is advisable to seek advice from an experienced therapist who can evaluate and then cure the problem. You should never ignore the symptoms visible as these can lead to several higher risk problems like breakage of tissues or infection in the feet or the entire leg. Tendon transfer involves re-routing the tendon from under your toe to the top of the toe to correct the position. This surgery is often chosen if the toe is mobile. Otherwise, it can be used in combination with the following procedures. If left untreated, hyperuricemia may lead to several serious health complications, including chronic gouty arthritis, kidney stones and deposits in your kidney that can cause chronic kidney failure. If you experience the symptoms of gout - throbbing joint pain, fever, red and warm affected areas - schedule an appointment with your family physician. Your doctor can counsel you on your condition and offer you treatment options. Ask your doctor if herbal remedies are appropriate for you. It is important to understand that the recovery from any toe surgery is often more prolonged than a patient expects During the healing process, an increase in blood flow to the involved toe occurs. This creates swelling and pain. This could persist for many weeks or even months. It is common to still have swelling and stiffness in the toes 4-6 months post-surgery. The patient should be prepared to limit their activity for a period that is often longer than they think, or would like. Potential Complications General Complications The very first and most important step that must be taken is to rest the foot, apply Ice, compress and elevate.